Joining Additional SharePoint Servers to the Farm

This is Step 5 in my SharePoint 2013 Setup Guide

After you create the new farm on the initial server, you can join additional servers to the farm by following a similar process by running the SharePoint Products and Technologies Configuration Wizard on the server. The only difference for this option is when the wizard prompts you, select to join an existing farm rather than create a new farm. Follow the wizard steps and provide the required farm information to join the server to the farm.

Note: For more information on adding a server to a farm, please see this TechNet article: http://technet.microsoft.com/cc261752

The following figure provides a screenshot of the SharePoint Products and Technologies Configuration Wizard at the step where you can select to join and existing farm.

The join an existing farm option on the SharePoint Configuration Wizard
The join an existing farm option on the SharePoint Configuration Wizard

The following figure provides a screenshot of the SharePoint Products and Technologies Configuration Wizard at the step where you can specify the database server and the SharePoint configuration database to join.

Specify the database server and name on the SharePoint Configuration Wizard
Specify the database server and name on the SharePoint Configuration Wizard

Note: You will follow this same process if you want to add an additional server and scale the SharePoint farm at a later time as well.

After you have added all of the servers to the farm, you can distribute the services that run on each server to allocate and distribute the load. You can manage the services by clicking Services on Server under the System Settings section in SharePoint Central Administration. You can switch servers by clicking the server name dropdown in the upper-left area of this page.

At the top of the table listing the services, click the Server dropdown and click Change Server, as illustrated in the following figure.

The Change Server option on the Services on Server page
The Change Server option on the Services on Server page

Start and stop the services to match how you wish to allocate them for each server in the farm.

At this point, you should have provisioned all of the service applications and services that you desire in the farm. You should also have provisioned all of the initial databases that you desire in the farm and their naming convention should roughly resemble the following screenshot.

A sample SharePoint database list in SQL Server Management Studio
A sample SharePoint database list in SQL Server Management Studio

You can run a SQL script on the SQL Server to update the recovery model if you desire. The following script will change all of the SharePoint databases that have the “SP_” prefix and set their recovery model to Full.

EXEC sp_MSforeachdb 'IF ''?'' LIKE ''SP_%'' ALTER DATABASE ? SET RECOVERY FULL;'

Alternatively, you can set the recovery model through the database properties on the Options page.

Database options settings to change the recovery mode to Full
Database options settings to change the recovery mode to Full

Next, you can configure Windows Firewall rules for intra-farm communication.

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